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Technology Dissemenation Through Frontline Demonstration

3. TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION THROUGH FRONTLINE DEMONSTRATION

3.1. Organic farming in major spices

Addition of large quantities of fertilizers and heavy use of plant protection chemicals to boost the yields became common practice in all producing countries affecting the quality of products. In view of the damage done to environment and human health by conventional intensive farming practices, the demand for organic products have come up world over.  In view of importance of spices both as food adjunct and as medicine, the demand for organically produced spices is increasing substantially. DASD had initiated farmer participatory demonstration in a compact area to promote latest technologies in organic farming in spices during 2008-09 and is being implemented successfully by different agencies in the subsequent years. During the year 2019-20, it is proposed to establish 50 frontline demonstration plots (two blocks having 25 ha area each) in Farmers’ fields for organic cultivation of spice crops under two selected universities. A total financial outlay of Rs.50.00 lakhs may be earmarked for this component. 

3.2 & 3.3. Maintenance of demonstration plots in Pepper established during 2017-18 and 2018-19.

            The Directorate had established 10 and 13  nos of frontline demonstration plots for organic farming in Pepper during the years 2017-18 and 2018-19 respectively, in association with State Agricultural Universities and ICAR Research Institutes. For maintenance of these plots during the current year Rs.5.10 lakhs is required.  Hence Rs 5.10 lakhs may be earmarked for 2019-20 for maintenance of these plots.

3.4. Demonstration plots for seed spices

Seed spice is one sector, where productivity is much below the desired level. This is mainly because of non adoption of high yielding/ disease tolerant/resistant varieties and modern technologies evolved for different crops. It is also noticed that high level of pesticide residue are noticed in seed spices samples which results in high level of export rejections especially in cumin. DASD propose to address this issue by establishing demo plots on Good agricultural practices in farmer participatory mode for seed spices in the growing areas. In total, the Directorate proposes to establish 103 demonstration plots of size 1 ha each for seed spices with an assistance of Rs 0.40 lakh /unit during the year 2019-20. The total financial outlay for this programme is Rs.41.20 lakhs.

3.5. Demonstration plots for aromatic plants

The level of information on production technologies, improved varieties and commercial importance of aromatic plants is meager among the farming community.  To popularize technologies on aromatic plants the Directorate proposes to establish 13 demonstration plots of size 1 ha in aromatic plants with an assistance Rs 0.80 lakhs/unit. The total financial outlay for this programme for the year 2019-20 is Rs.10.40 lakhs.

3.6. Frontline demonstration plots for Arecanut based multi species cropping system

      Introduction of multi species cropping in Arecanut gardens aimed at increasing the net returns from unit area helps the farmers to withstand the fluctuating prices of Arecanut. Multiple cropping has tremendous potential to generate employment for improving quality of rural life. Multiple cropping, not only provides additional income from inter/ mixed crop and employment, it can also act as a social security against instability of prices of main crop. Therefore, establishing demonstration plots in few farmers’ gardens will encourage many others to follow arecanut based cropping system for the improvement of their livelihood.  This Directorate had established a total of 16 demonstration plots of one acre each in Arecanut growing areas of Kerala and Karnataka during 2007-08, 2012-13 and 2016-17 which were highly successful in disseminating the information to the farmers. 

3.6.1    Multi species cropping in Arecanut Gardens in Karnataka (Nutmeg) 

To popularize Arecanut Based Multi Species Cropping System through farmers participatory approach, the Directorate propose to establish two demonstration plots of one hectare each on Arecanut based cropping system with Arecanut + Nutmeg + Black Pepper + Banana at farmers field in Dakshin Kannada district of Karnataka in 2019-20. The project period will be for 3 years. The total budget requirement for establishment and maintenance of the demo plots is estimated as 18.82 Lakhs. Establishment cost of the demonstration plots for the first year, ie 2019-20 is Rs.7.44 Lakhs.

3.6.2.   Multi species cropping in Arecanut Gardens in Karnataka (Cocoa)

To popularize Arecanut Based Multi Species Cropping System through farmers participatory approach, the Directorate propose to establish four demonstration plots of one hectare each on Arecanut based cropping system with Arecanut + Cocoa + Black Pepper + Banana at farmers field in Dakshin Kannada district of Karnataka in 2019-20. The project period will be for 3 years. The total budget requirement for establishment and maintenance of the demo plots is estimated as 10.74 Lakhs. Establishment cost of the demonstration plots for the first year, ie 2019-20 is Rs.4.00 Lakhs.

3.6.3. Multi species cropping in Arecanut Gardens in Assam (2nd year maintainance)

      To popularize Arecanut Based Multi Species Cropping System through farmers participatory approach among Arecanut farmers in Assam State, DASD established 2 demonstration plot of 1 ha each (Kamrup Dist.) in association with CPCRI-RRS, Kahikuchi during 2018-19. Intercrops established were Cocoa, black pepper and Banana. This project was of 3-year duration. During the current year the plots need to be maintained. The estimated financial requirement for 2nd year implementation of the project in 2019-20 is Rs.0.80 lakhs

3.7. Demonstration of effective and eco-friendly management of white-grub using Entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) in Arecanut (2nd year maintainance)

White grub is a key pest of Arecanut and its intercrops in sandy loam soils of Karnataka and Kerala. It damages the seedlings and adult palms by feeding on roots, boring the bole and collar region. Usually the grubs are managed with application of high dose of pesticides applied frequently which is deleterious to ecosystem. EPNs are identified to be effective and environmental friendly alternative to manage white grubs by CPCRI, Kasargod. To popularise ecofriendly management of whitegrub using EPNs, DASD had established 4 demonstration plots of one acre each in farmers fields in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka in association with CPCRI Kasargod. This was a three year programme , sanctioned in 2018-19.  During the year 2019-20, Rs 6.44 lakhs may be earmarked for this project as second year assistance for maintainance of demo plots. 

3.8. Demonstration of Arecanut Dwarf Hybrids

      Arecanut tall varieties even though possess high yield potential, are frequently prone to wind damage and sun-scorching and also become difficult to manage. The tall nature of the palm hinders various operations like spraying and harvesting which are quite labour intensive and cumbersome. Dwarf hybrids with high yield potential will directly benefit the growers by way of enhanced returns and reduced cost of various cultural operations like harvesting, spraying and also without causing much damages to palms due to sun-scorching and heavy wind and gives mechanical support to stem. Therefore, the Directorate propose to demonstrate arecanut dwarf hybrids in farmer’s fields (2 units of 0.5 acre each) to promote its advantages among progressive farmers. The project period will be for 3 years. The total budget requirement for establishment and maintenance of the demo plots is estimated as 9.90 Lakhs. Establishment cost of the demonstration plots for the first year, ie 2019-20 is Rs.4.00 Lakhs.

3.9. Participatory Demonstration Plots of Cinnamon intercropping in coconut (2nd year assistance)

DASD in association with CPCRI Kasargod had established demonstration plots of high density intercropping of cinnamon in coconut plantations of Kasargod District, Kerala through participatory approach during 2018-19, to promote progressive farmers in adopting this system. The project was approved for 3 years.  Five demonstration plots of one acre each are being established in the district. As per the approved programme, a financial provision of Rs 3.815 lakhs may be made for this programme for 2019-20 as second year assistance.

3.10. Technology dissemination through FLD for HDP of grafted Bush pepper under shade net structure (2nd year assistance)

Black pepper is an important high value spice crop suitable for cultivation in Goa and its adjoining regions. To address the issue of foot rot disease Colubrinum grafted bush pepper were found effective in the area.  Moreover, HDP of bush pepper assures higher productivity levels per unit area with the adoption of high-tech irrigation technology under shade net structures. This technology is suitable for small scale holdings to earn higher economic returns per unit area. To promote this potential technology among farmers in the area, five FLDs (two each in North Goa and South Goa Districts) on farmers’ fields and one OFD unit in the Institute’s Farm at Old Goa, were established by DASD in association with ICAR-Central Coastal Agricultural Research Institute, Old Goa during 2018-19. Shade net structures with 50 % green shade net with 300 Sq.m area (20m X 15m) accommodating 1000 bush pepper grafts (at 50cm x 40 cm spacing in paired row with 60cm) was established for demonstration. The programme was approved for 3 years. For the maintenance of bush pepper plants and shade net structures during 2nd year, an amount of Rs. 1.20 Lakhs may be sanctioned for 2019-20.