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Production and distribution of nucleus planting materials

1. Production and distribution of nucleus planting materials of spices

 

      The MIDH programmes such as area expansion, replanting, rejuvenation etc. on spices implemented by the Ministrty of Agriculture, Govt of India in different states require sizeable quantity of quality planting materials of the respective spices crops.  In order to meet the requirement of various planting materials for the development programmes, small nurseries are proposed to be established in the selected locations on the identified spices and aromatic crops.  Quite a good number of varieties of various spices and aromatic crops have been evolved from various Research Centres. However,  adequate quantities of planting materials of these varieties are not supplied to the State Departments for large scale multiplication and distribution to the farmers, even after the long period of their releases, due to lack of sufficient infrastructure and funds available at the crop improvement centres.   As a result, the planting material production programmes of the State Governments are mostly limited to the available stock of materials, which may not be able to generate the desired impact in the production front.


            Availability of good quality planting material of high yielding varieties is negligible compared to the demand predicted above. In order to improve the situation, DASD has directly taken up nucleus planting material production programme with all the available released high yielding varieties by building up the required facilities in the Research Farms attached to the SAUs, ICAR Institutes etc.  The Directorate assesses the requirement of nucleus planting materials well in advance for various State Horticulture Mission Programmes. All the selected spice crops under these programmes assigned to the State Governments are included for planting material production under DASD programme. The nucleus planting materials produced are supplied for further multiplication to the State Governments based on their requirements for various programmes in subsequent year. The nucleus materials are to be produced on firm indents and distributed following the norms of the SAU / ICAR Institutes. 100% assistance is provided to the SAUs / Central Institutes taking up these programmes. It would be the responsibility of the producing agencies to ensure quality of the planting material produced by them.

 

      The quantity of nucleus planting materials of the spice crops proposed to be produced during 2015-16, the unit cost of production, physical target for the year and financial requirement thereon are given below.

Production of nucleus planting materials physical target and financial requirement

S.No. Programmes Unit Cost per unit (Rs in Lakhs) Physical Target Financial Requirement       (Rs in lakhs)
1 Black Pepper / Betelvine Nos in lakhs 6.00 25.20 151.20
2 Ginger rhizomes Quantity in (tonnes) 0.30 167.00 50.10
3 Turmeric rhizomes Quantity in (tonnes) 0.25 434.00 108.50
4 Chilli seeds Quantity  (quintals) 0.75 31.30 23.475
5 Seed spices Quantity  (tonnes) 0.40 174.00 69.60
6. Garlic Quantity  (tonnes) 0.50 86.00 43.00
7 Tree spices grafts /seedlings
 

a.Nutmeg grafts

Orthotropic

Nos in lakhs 140.0 0.095 13.30
Plagiotropic Nos in lakhs 80.00 0.36 28.80
  b. Tamarind / Kokum grafts Nos in lakhs 20.00 0.75 15.00
  c. Clove /Allspice seedlings Nos in lakhs 20.00 0.22 4.40
  d. Cinnamon /Cassia /Curry leaf seedlings Nos in lakhs 5.00 3.05 15.25
8 Aromatic Plants ha. 0.75 46.00 34.50
Total 557.125

 

2.Small nurseries for spices and aromatic plants


     The Directorate also proposes to setup small nurseries (1 ha) in National Research Institutes/Agricultural Universities to generate sufficient quality planting materials of spices and aromatic plants which are in good demand in the domestic industries and also for the export.  The nurseries will be having provision for naturally ventilated green houses and net houses and it should meet the specific standards of a model nursery with the capacity to produce a minimum 25,000 numbers of the planting material per hectare duly certified for its quality.  The nurseries proposed under this programme need to be got certified/ recognized by DASD immediately after its establishment.   It is proposed to setup 3 Nos of small nurseries in selected SAUs where adequate nucleus planting materials of released varieties are available. The total financial allocation for the component is Rs 45.00 lakhs during 2015-16.


3. Establishment of seed processing and storage infrastructure


      The seeds produced at the seed production centres have to be stored properly after various processing treatments for a reasonable period of time ranging from 3 to 9 months, requiring adequate storage facilities. In order to facilitate proper handling, processing, storage and packaging of seeds, assistance would be provided for creating infrastructure like drying platforms; threshing, cleaning, winnowing and grading machineries; desiccators; storage structures / storage bins; packaging units and other related equipments.  A lump sum amount of Rs. 10 lakhs is provided to establish the facilities. 100% assistance will be provided to the SAUs and ICAR Institutes assigned with seed production programme. This programme is being implemented since 2005-06 under NHM and has contributed significantly in the development of seed processing infrastructure and storage facilities in various SAUs and Central Institutes. During 2015-16, the facility will be provided at 10 centres based on the project submitted by them. An amount of Rs 100.00 lakhs has been allotted for this programme.