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Indian spices exports moved up

Indian Spices export crossed 3 billion US $ for the first time in the history

Despite the COVID 19 Pandemic, Indian Spices Export has sustained its upward trend in 2019-20 and has crossed 3 billion US $ for the first time in the history of Spices export. As per the estimates by Spices Board India, Cochin, the export of Spices during 2019-20 was 11.83 lakh tonnes valued at Rs.21515.40 Crores (US $ 3.033 billion) against 11.00 lakh tonnes valued at Rs.19505.81 crores (US $ 2.805 billion) during 2018-19. The export has shown an increase of 10% in rupee value and 8% in quantity compared to last year. The spices export in 2019-20 attained an all-time record in terms of both volume and value.

Itemwise export of spices from India 2018-19 and 2019-20

 

Spices

2018-19

2019-20

% Change over

2018-19

Quantity (tonnes)

Value

(Rs in lakhs)

Quantity (tonnes)

Value

(Rs in lakhs)

 Quantity

Value

Chilli

468,500

541,118

484,000

622,170

3.3

15

Mint Products (1)

21,610

374,934

22,725

383,835

5.2

2.4

Cumin

180,300

288,480

210,000

322,500

16.5

11.8

Spice Oils & Oleoresins

12,750

219,300

13,950

264,525

9.4

20.6

Turmeric

133,600

141,616

136,000

121,640

1.8

-14.1

Curry powder/Paste

33,850

74,470

38,200

83,410

12.9

12

Other spices (2)

43,300

61,486

41,050

66,303

-5.2

7.8

Pepper

13,540

56,868

16,250

55,187

20

-3

Ginger

18,150

19,602

50,410

44,905

177.7

129.1

Cardamom (Small)

2,850

35,625

2,090

42,630

-26.7

19.7

Coriander

48,900

35,208

50,250

41,110

2.8

16.8

Fennel

26,250

24,413

23,800

22,888

-9.3

-6.2

Other seeds (3)

29,740

18,736

32,700

19,257

10

2.8

Garlic

29,500

17,110

23,350

17,232

-20.8

0.7

Fenugreek

27,150

13,847

27,660

16,383

1.9

18.3

Nutmeg & Mace

3,300

15,015

2,955

13,631

-10.5

-9.2

Celery

6,100

6,649

6,510

7,176

6.7

7.9

Cardamom (Large)

860

6,106

1,100

6,758

27.9

10.7

Total

1,100,250

1,950,581

1,183,000

2,151,540

7.5

10.3

Million US $

 

2,805.50

 

3,033.44

 

8.1

(1) Include menthol, menthol crystals and mint oils, (2) Include Tamarind, Asafoetida, Cassia, Saffron etc.,  (3) Include Ajwan seed, Dill seed, Poppy seed, Aniseed, Mustard etc.         Source: Spices Board India, Cochin

Among the various spices and spice products exported, Chilli, mint products, cumin, spice oils and oleoresins and turmeric continued to be the major contributors in the spices basket.  Chili continued to be the most demanded spice with exports of 4,84,000 tonnes valued at Rs 6,221.70 crores. Cumin was the second-most demanded spice with an export of 2,10,000 tonnes valued at  Rs 3,225 crores.

The spice that witnessed maximum increase in exports was ginger, which registered an increase of 178 % in volume and 129 % in value. The export of large cardamom rose 28 % in volume and 11 % in value.

India exports spices to around 185 countries, out of which China (24%), USA (16 %), Bangladesh (6%), Thailand (5%), UAE (6%), Sri Lanka, Malaysia, UK, Indonesia, Germany etc. are the major destinations, contributing to over 70 per cent of the export earnings.